Details of Agra
Agra Fort is a historical fort in the city of Agra in India, is a UNESCO World Heritage site. It was the main residence of the emperors of the Mughal Dynasty till 1638, when the capital was shifted from Agra to Delhi. The fort is also known as Lal Qila, Fort Rouge and Red Fort of Agra, can be more accurately described as a walled palatial city. It is about 2.5 km northwest of its much more famous sister monument, the Taj Mahal. Agra Fort was built in 1573 by Akbar in Red Sandstone. Some 1,444,000 builders worked on it for eight years. Some of the exquisite structures that deserve a mention are: Sheesh Mahal, Deewan-e-Khaas, Deewan-e-Aam,etc.
The Taj Mahal, meaning “Crown of the Palace” is one of the marvels of architecture, Seven Wonders of the World and recognized as UNESCO world Heritage site. It is an ivory-white marble mausoleum on the south bank of the Yamuna river in Agra, was commissioned in 1632 by the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan for his beloved wife Mumtaz Mahal. It took 22 years to complete and by more than 20000 workers. The main mausoleum has two buildings constructed with red sandstone, where one is a guesthouse and other is a mosque. There are 4 pillars of white marble to protect the main mausoleum. It has Persian and Mughal style of architecture. It has three entrances, East, West and South gates. It is the most visited tourist attraction of India.
Taj Nature walk is a beautiful natural forest cover, spread over an area of 70 hectares just 500 meters away from the eastern gate of Taj Mahal. Visitors can have an excellent view of the Taj from different mounds in the park. This nature walk is a great way to explore the lesser-known side of the city. The 9- kilometre trail has grass mounds, watch towers and other viewing points to admire the Taj Mahal. This area is also rich in flora and fauna, and has over 46 varieties of flowers. One can also spot local birds, butterflies and mammals such as jackals, blue bulls, hares, parakeets, kingfishers and hoopoes. This peaceful, wooded park is a must visited attraction for nature lovers.
Akbar’s tomb is the resting place of Akbar, one of the greatest Mughal Emperor. The tomb is built during 17th century on an area of 119 acres. Akbar supervised the construction of the tomb himself during his time. The rest of the tomb was completed by his son Jahangir after Akbars death.The entire tomb is constructed of red sandstone(by Akbar) but the top storey is constructed of white marble(by Jahangir). The monument has Mughal elements like red sandstone and marble with inlay works and geometric patterns. The shape of tomb is pyramidal and consists of five storeys. It has four gates and the south gate is the largest one. The false tomb is found in the ground floor while the real tomb is located in the basement, close for tourist.
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